on august 24, the information office of the state council held a press conference to introduce the situation of providing traffic security for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. liu zhenfang, director of the state railway administration, revealed that in the future, the railway department will vigorously promote technological innovation, strengthen the tackling of key core technologies, promote the r & d and technology application of major technologies such as 400 km / h high-speed railway, strengthen the r & d and application of green cutting-edge new technologies, and create a more efficient and green modern railway transportation system.
li xiaopeng, minister of transport, said that at present, china's high-speed railways cover more than 95% of cities with a population of more than one million, highways cover more than 98% of cities with a population of more than 200000, and civil transport airports cover more than 92% of prefecture level cities.
by the end of 2020, the national railway business mileage had reached 146000 kilometers. liu zhenfang introduced that since the 18th cpc national congress, under the strong leadership of the cpc central committee and the state council, remarkable achievements have been made in the development of railway industry, which has made great contributions to building a well-off society in an all-round way. by the end of 2020, the national railway business mileage was 146000 kilometers, including 38000 kilometers of high-speed railway. a railway network with reasonable layout, wide coverage, clear hierarchy, safety and efficiency has been basically built, providing railway transportation infrastructure guarantee for building a modern circulation system and unblocking the national economic cycle.
vigorously promote the coordinated development of regional economy. we accelerated the construction of railways in the central and western regions, improved the layout of railway networks in key regions such as the northeast, beijing tianjin hebei, the yangtze river delta, the yangtze river economic belt and chengdu chongqing, and promoted regional coordination, integrated urban-rural development and economic and cultural exchanges.
effectively drive the adjustment, optimization and upgrading of industrial structure. railway engineering construction and equipment manufacturing promote the cluster development of related industries, stimulate the demand for basic building materials such as steel and cement, drive the coordinated development of industrial chains such as machinery, metallurgy and construction, effectively stimulate regional economic growth and effectively promote social employment.
accelerate the construction of an innovative country. adhere to innovation driven, promote the research and development of key core technologies, and form a world advanced technology system for high-speed railway construction and equipment manufacturing with independent intellectual property rights. the realization of independent and controllable high-speed railway industrial chain provides a successful example for china's independent innovation.
vigorously serve poverty alleviation. 14 border areas and poverty-stricken areas, such as poverty-stricken areas, have concentrated on railway construction investment, and 36000 kilometers of new lines have been completed and put into operation. more than 100 former national poverty-stricken counties have ended the history of no railway. 198 counties have entered the era of high-speed railway. the railway department has launched public welfare slow trains, agricultural product transportation, tourism poverty alleviation and other special trains to benefit the people along the railway, it has made important contributions to poverty-stricken areas and the whole country to enter a well-off society in an all-round way on schedule.
liu zhenfang said that since the 18th national congress of the communist party of china, china's passenger transport capacity has made a significant leap. the passenger volume of high-speed railway emus accounts for 73% of the railway passenger volume, which basically solves the problem of serious shortage of passenger transport capacity in peak periods and realizes the "go as you say"; new services such as e-ticket, online seat selection and internet meal ordering have been launched to ensure the safety and punctuality of trains and make people's travel more convenient and comfortable.
continuously improve the freight capacity. in 2020, the freight volume reached 4.552 billion tons, an increase of 36.6% over 2016, which solved the long-standing bottleneck of railway transportation; high speed rail city, one belt, one road transport chain, and 23 container transport lines, especially 168 cities, are the key products of the "one belt and one road" construction.
improve the level of intrinsic safety. strengthen railway safety infrastructure construction and implement safety protection projects. railway safety is sustained and stable, and the people's sense of gain, happiness and security are further enhanced.
the national railway electrification rate reached 72.8%
"the railway occupies only half of the land of the four lane expressway, and the land occupied by the completed unit transportation volume is only one tenth of that of the highway, which has effectively promoted the economical and intensive use of land." liu zhenfang added that china has achieved full coverage of electronic tickets and fully implemented electronic waybills, greatly saving paper and magnetic media resources.
further reduce the energy consumption of railway transportation. the national railway electrification rate has reached 72.8%, and electric traction has become the main force. the annual fuel consumption of the national railway has decreased from the peak of 5.83 million tons to 2.31 million tons, a decrease of 60%, which is equivalent to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 12.56 million tons per year. in 2019, the comprehensive energy consumption per unit transportation workload decreased by 19.8% compared with 2012.
help win the battle of pollution prevention and control. further promote the adjustment of transportation structure, and the market share of railway freight transportation will increase from 7.8% in 2017 to 9.8% in 2020. compared with the same traffic volume completed by roads, the increment of railway freight is equivalent to a reduction of more than 70 million tons. railway accounts for one tenth of the energy consumption of the transportation industry, and has completed 30% of the conversion turnover, which has made a significant contribution to promoting the construction of ecological civilization and building a beautiful china.
it will promote major scientific and technological research and development and technological application such as 400 km / h high-speed railway
talking about the key direction of railway development in the future. liu zhenfang said that the railway department will always focus on the people, fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, promote high-quality railway development, and be a good leader in building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.
build a modern comprehensive transportation infrastructure network, further optimize and improve the layout of the railway network, improve the backbone network, accelerate the development of intercity and municipal railways, promote the integrated development of comprehensive transportation infrastructure, and give better play to the backbone role of railways in the comprehensive transportation system.
vigorously promote technological innovation, strengthen the tackling of key core technologies, promote the r & d and technical application of major technologies such as 400 km / h high-speed railway, strengthen the r & d and application of green cutting-edge new technologies, and create a more efficient and green modern railway transportation system.
further promote the supply side structural reform, deepen the adjustment of transportation structure, further improve the level of transportation services, consolidate the foundation of railway safety, promote the high-quality green development of railway safety, provide better services, build a new development pattern, and constantly meet the people's needs for railway transportation services.
deepen the construction of railway rule of law and standards, optimize the business environment, promote the construction of high-standard market system, and promote the modernization of railway governance system and governance capacity.